Monday, 19 March 2018

AES Encryption in Javascript and Decryption in Java

AES stands for Advanced Encryption System and it’s a symmetric encryption algorithm.Many times we require to encrypt some plain-text such as password at the client side and send it to server and then server decrypts it to process further.AES encryption and decryption is easier to implement in the same platform such as Android client and Java server but sometimes it becomes challenging to decrypt an AES encrypted password in cross platform environment such as Javascript client and Java Server such as in spring mvc framework because if any system defaults do not match then the decryption will fail.

Friday, 16 March 2018

SMPP Java Example(Client)

This post provides SMPP java example by creating a simple SMPP client that sends short messages to mobile subscriber.Using this client either we can make simple submit to send message to a single mobile subscriber or can broadcast a message to multiple mobile subscribers in one shot.Also, we will verify the delivery receipt. For the client purpose we will be using existing java SMPP client library – jSMPP

Wednesday, 14 March 2018

AES Encryption and Decryption in Java(CBC Mode)

Transmitting confidential data such as plain text password through wire is always vulnerable to security.It is always recommended to encrypt such information and use SSL to transmit those confidential data.Java provides multiple encryption algorithm for this.In this post, we will be discussing about AES(Advanced Encryption Standard) symmetric encryption algorithm in java with CBC mode which is faster and more secure than 3DES.

Monday, 12 March 2018

JDBC - Difference between PreparedStatement and Statement in Java

JDBC API provides three types of Statement for wrapping an SQL query and sending for execution to the database, they are aptly named as Statement, PreparedStatement, and CallableStatement. First one, Statement is used to execute normal SQL queries e.g. select count(*) from Courses. You can also use it to execute DDL, DML and DCL SQL statements. The second one, PreparedStatement is specialized to execute parameterized queries e.g. select * from Courses where courseId=?, you can execute this SQL multiple times by just changing the course parameters. They are compiled and cached at database end, hence quite fast for repeated execution. The third member of this family is CallableStatement, which is there to execute or call stored procedures stored in the database.

Friday, 9 March 2018

A Simple Example to Check if File is Empty in Java

One of the readers of my blog Javarevisited emailed me yesterday about how to check if a file is empty in Java and that's why I am writing this post to show that using an example. The common approach for checking if a file is empty or not is to first check if the file exists or not and then check if it contains any content, but Java has done that hard work for you. Well, it's pretty easy to check emptiness for a file in Java by using length() method of the class. This method returns zero if the file is empty, but the good thing is it also returns zero if the file doesn't exist. Which means you don't need to check if the file exists or not.

Wednesday, 7 March 2018

How to implement Radix Sort in Java - Algorithm Example

The radix sort, like counting sort and bucket sort, is an integer based algorithm (i.e. the values of the input array are assumed to be integers). Hence radix sort is among the fastest sorting algorithms around, in theory. It is also one of the few O(n) sorting algorithm along with a bucket and counting sort. The particular distinction for radix sort is that it creates a bucket for each cipher (i.e. digit); as such, similar to bucket sort, each bucket in radix sort must be a growable list that may admit different keys.

Sunday, 4 March 2018

Mergesort in Java - Algorithm Example

The Merge sort algorithm is a divide and conquers algorithm. In the divide and conquer paradigm, a problem is broken into small problems where each small problem still retains all the properties of the larger problem -- except its size. To solve the original problem, each piece is solved individually; then the pieces are merged back together. For example, imagine you have to sort an array of 200 elements using the selection sort algorithm. Since selection sort takes O(n^2) time, it would take about 40,000-time units to sort the array. Now imagine splitting the array into ten equal pieces and sorting each piece individually still using selection sort. Now it would take 400-time units to sort each piece; for a grand total of 10*400 = 4000.

Tuesday, 27 February 2018

How to read a text file into ArrayList in Java

Prior to Java 7, reading a text file into an ArrayList involves lot of boiler plate coding, as you need to read the file line by line and insert each line into an ArrayList, but from Java 7 onward, you can use the utility method Files.readAllLines() to read all lines of a text file into a List. This method return a List of String which contains all lines of files. Later you can convert this List to ArrayList, LinkedList, or whatever list you want to. Btw, this the fourth article in the series of reading a text file in Java. In the earlier parts, you have learned how to read a file using Scanner and BufferedReader. Then, reading the whole file as String and finally reading a text file into array. This program is not very different from those in terms of fundamentals. We are still going to use read() method for Java 6 solution and will read all text until this method return -1 which signals the end of file.

Monday, 26 February 2018

Dealing with Files and Directories in Java - 10 Thing Java Developer Should Know

The File API is one of the important parts of any programming language or API and even though Java's file API both new and old, are powerful, they are not intuitive enough compared to other languages e.g. Python. Apart from knowing the essential classes and abstractions e.g. File, InputStream, OutputStream, Reader, Writer, Channel etc, you also need to know and remember some nitty gritty detail to avoid subtle issues. There are many articles out there on the internet which can teach you how to read and write data from the file but there are very few which will tell you to do it in right way.

Friday, 23 February 2018

How to create a ZIP File in Java? ZipEntry and ZipOutputStream Compression Example

Since compressing and archiving old log file is an essential housekeeping job in any Java application environment, a Java programmer should know how to compress files in .zip format and then how to read them programmatically if required. The JDK provides full support to create and read ZIP files in Java. There is a separate package to hold all classes related zipping and unzipping files and streams. In this series of article, you will learn how to use those classes e.g. ZipFile, ZipEntry, ZipInputStream, and ZipOutputStream etc. This is the second article about how to work with compressed archives in Java e.g. .zip files.

Wednesday, 21 February 2018

How to copy elements of one array to another array in Java - Arrays.copyOf and Arrays.copyOfRange Example

There are multiple ways to copy elements from one array in Java e.g. you can manually copy elements by using a loop, create a clone of the array, use Arrays.copyOf() method or System.arrayCopy() to start copying elements from one array to another in Java. Even though both allow you to copy elements from source to destination array, the Arrays.copyOf() is much easier to use as it takes the just original array and the length of the new array. But, this means you cannot copy subarray using this method because you are not specifying to and from an index, but don't worry there is another method in the java.util.Arrays class to copy elements from one index to other in Java, the Arrays.copyOfRange() method. Both methods are overloaded to copy different types of array.

Monday, 19 February 2018

How to deal with ConcurrentModificationException in Java? Beware while removing elements from ArrayList in loop

One of the common problem while removing elements from an ArrayList in Java is the ConcurrentModificationException. If you use classical for loop with the index or enhanced for loop and try to remove an element from the ArrayList using remove() method, you will get the ConcurrentModificationException but if you use Iterator’s remove method or ListIterator’s
remove() method, then you won’t get this error and be able to remove the element. It’s an unwritten rule in Java that while looping through the list, you should not add() orremove() elements until the collection supports fail-safe Iterator e.g. CopyOnWriteArrayList, which operate on a copy of list rather than the original list.

Friday, 16 February 2018

10 Examples of Array in Java

Along with the String, the array is the most used data structure in Java. In fact, String is also backed by a character array in Java and other programming languages. It's very important for a Java programmer to have good knowledge of array and how to do common things with array e.g. initialization, searching, sorting, printing array in a meaningful way, comparing array, converting an array to String or ArrayList and doing some advanced slicing and dicing operation with an array in Java.

Wednesday, 14 February 2018

What is difference between an int and Integer in Java?

The first and foremost difference between an int and Integer or a char and Character is that former is a primitive data type while later is a class, also known as wrapper class because they wrap primitive data type inside it. When you first start learning Java, you start with primitive data types e.g. int, long, char, byte, boolean, float, and double but slowly you learn about Object and sometime later you know about Integer, Long, Character, Byte, Boolean, Float, and Double. At this point in time, you may wonder, what is the real difference between an int and Integer? isn't both same? We can pass Integer where int is expected and vice-versa then why on the earth we have both int and Integer?

Monday, 12 February 2018

Can you Overload or Override main method in Java?

One of the common doubt among Java beginners while learning overloading and overriding is, whether it's possible to overload main in Java ? Can you override the main method in Java? How will JVM find if you change the signature of the main method as part of method overloading? etc. These are a good question and shows curiosity and application of knowledge of students, so if you are the tutor you must answer these questions. The short answer to, can we overload the main method in Java is Yes, you can overloading, nothing stops from overloading, but JVM will always call the original main method, it will never call your overloaded main method.

Friday, 9 February 2018

5 Free Eclipse and JUnit Online Courses for Java Developers

Eclipse and JUnit are two of the essential tools for Java Developers. Eclipse is a Java IDE, Integrated Development environment which allows you to code, run and debug Java program from a single window, while JUnit is a unit testing library which allows you to test your Java code automatically. You can write JUnit tests and then you can run them automatically using Maven or Gradle plugin at build time. You can further automate your build using Jenkins which means your Unit test will run continuously and automatically, reporting any break at the earlier possible opportunity.

Wednesday, 7 February 2018

Easy Fine-Grained Sorting with JDK 8

Java 8‘s introduction of streams and useful static/default methods on the Comparator interface make it easy to compare two objects based on individual fields’ values without need to implement a compare(T,T) method on the class whose objects are being compared.

Sunday, 4 February 2018

Comparing files in Java

I am creating a series of video tutorials for PACKT about network programming in Java. There is a whole section about Java NIO. One sample program is to copy a file via raw socket connection from a client to a server. The client reads the file from the disk, and the server saves the bytes as they arrive, to disk. Because this is a demo, the server and the client are running on the same machine and the file is copied from one directory to the exact same directory but a different name. The proof of the pudding is eating it: the files have to be compared.

Friday, 2 February 2018

5 ways to Compare String Objects in Java - Example

Here are many ways to compare String in Java e.g. you can use equals() and equalsIgnoreCase() for equality check and compare() and compareTo() for ordering comparison. You can even use the equality operator == to perform reference based comparison e.g. to check both the String reference variable points to the same object. In general, equals() is used to check whether the value of given String is same i.e. they contain same characters in the same sequence or not e.g. "Groovy".equals("Groovy") will be true if you compare them using equals() method. You can also use equalsIgnoreCase() to check if they are equal irrespective of case e.g. "Apple" and "apple" will be same if you compare them using equalsIgnoreCase() method.

Wednesday, 31 January 2018

How to use Queue in Java - Example

The JDK provides implementation of several data structure in Java collection framework e.g. ArrayList is a dynamic array, LinkedList represents a linked list, HashMap represents hash table data structure, and Queue interface represent queue data structure. The Queue data structure allows you to process elements in the first in first out order and that's why it is also known as FIFO data structure. In order to provide first in first out functionality, it allows you to insert data at one end and delete data from other ends, also known as consuming data. If you need to process objects in the FIFO order you can use a Queue to store them.

Monday, 29 January 2018

How to Create Random Alphabetic or AlphaNumeric String of given length in Java - Example

Suppose, you want to generate an alphabetic or alpha-numeric string of given length in Java? How do you do it? Well, if you are like me, you probably search a library e.g. Apache commons-lang for something which can do this task. It's a good thing. There is no point on re-inventing a wheel if a tried and tested solution already exists. In fact, Effective Java, the most respected book in Java world also suggest to know and use your library. In fact, Apache commons-lang does have a class called RandomStringUtils, which allows you to generate Random alphanumeric String in just one method call as shown below:

Sunday, 28 January 2018

How to change date format of String in Java 8

One of the common programming task in Java is to change the date format of a given Date or String. For example, you have something like "2017-01-18 20:10:00" and you want to convert it that date into "2017-01-18", or you want to convert from dd-MM-YY to MM-dd-YY or to any other format of your choice and need, but a valid date format as per Java specification. How will you do that? Well, it's not that difficult. It's just a two-step process. In the first step, you need to parse String to create an equivalent date using current format and then once you got the date, you need to again convert it back to String using the new format. The same process is repeated in both Java 8 and before, only corresponding API and classes changes.

Friday, 26 January 2018

How to lock a File before writing in Java?

A file is one of the oldest ways to store data and share data but if you are working in a shared file i.e a file which can be read or write by multiple readers and writers, you need to make sure that the file is locked before you try to write on it. This is needed to ensure that someone doesn't overwrite the data you are writing. Fortunately, Java provides a mechanism to lock a file before writing using the FileLock interface. You can get the handle of FileLock by using FileChannel for writing to a file. The FileChannel class is generally used to write faster in the large file and one of the common way to write binary data in Java.

Wednesday, 24 January 2018

3 Ways to Generate Random Integers on a Range in Java

Manytimes you need to generate random numbers, particular integers in a range but unfortunately, JDK doesn't provide a simple method like nextIntegerBetween(int minInclusive, int maxExclusive), because of that many Java progarmmers, particularly beginners struggle to generate random numbers between a range e.g. random integers between 1 to 6 if you are creating a game of dice, or random number between 1 to 52 if you are creating a game of playing cards and you need to choose a random card, or most commonly random numbers between 1 to 10 and 1 to 100. Then, the question comes, how to solve this problem? How to generate random int values between a range? Well, you need to do a little bit of work.

Monday, 22 January 2018

Eclipse IDE - How to Remote Debug a Java Application Running on Linux

The remote debugging of Java program is an ultimate tool in the arsenal of a Java developer, which is often become the last and only tool to investigate a bug on a Java application running on remote host e.g. on Linux server or Windows server. Almost all major Java IDE provides remote debugging e.g. NetBeans, Eclipse, and IntelliJ IDEA, but I mostly use Eclipse for Java coding and so it's my preferred tool to remote debug a Java program. In order to setup remote debugging in Eclipse, you need to do a couple of tasks e.g. you need to start your JVM with debugging parameters or arguments and then you need to create a "remote debug configuration" in Eclipse IDE itself.

Friday, 19 January 2018

10 Important points about String in Java

someone might question that why do we need another article about string in Java, haven't we had enough about the string is already written? Yes, I agree there are a lot of articles related to Java string covering topics like how to use Java String, an example of Java string and almost everything you can do with string in Java. But, I wanted to document my experience of using String in Java and some nasty and little-known things I discovered about the Java String class, which may not be obvious to many Java developers. A string is available in almost every programming language and its probably the most used data structure or a data type, hence a good knowledge of String is very important for every Java developers.

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

JDBC - How to get Row and Column Count from ResultSet in Java

One of the common problem in JDBC is that there is no way to get the total number of records returned by an SQL query. When you execute a Statement, PreparedStatement, or CallableStatement using execute()or executeQuery() they return ResultSet and it doesn't have any method to return the total number of records it is holding. The only way to find the total number of records is keeping the count while you are iterating over ResultSet while fetching the result. This way, you can print the total number of rows returned the SQL query but only after you have processed all records and not before, which may not be the right way and incur significant performance cost if the query returns a large number of rows.

Monday, 15 January 2018

Java Reflection, but much faster

What is the fastest way to read a getter from a Java class without knowing the class at compilation time? Java frameworks often do this. A lot. And it can directly influence their performance. So let’s benchmark different approaches, such as reflection, method handles and code generation.

Friday, 12 January 2018

Java 9 Module Services

Wiring and Finding

Java has a ServiceLoader class for long time. It was introduced in 1.6 but a similar technology was in use since around Java 1.2. Some software components used it, but the use was not widespread. It can be used to modularize the application (even more) and to provide a mean to extend an application using some kind of plug-ins that the application does not depend on compile time. Also, the configuration of these services is very simple: just put it on the class/module path. We will see the details.

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

Java Program to reverse an array in place? Fastest Example

It's easy to reverse an array if you have the luxury to use another array, but how would you reverse an array if a temporary buffer is not allowed? This is one of the testing array interview questions, which often proved tricky for Java programmers. Well, you can also reverse an array in place without using an additional buffer. If you know how to access array elements and how to loop over an array in Java using traditional for loop, you can easily solve this problem without using additional space. All you need to do is a loop over the array from start to the middle element and swap the first element to the last, second element to the second last etc. Once you reach the middle element, your array is already sorted and that too without using any additional space. You can even use this algorithm to reverse a String in Java as well. After all, a String is backed by character array.

Monday, 8 January 2018

How to implement Linear Search in Java? Example

Linear search is nothing but iterating over the array and comparing each element with target element to see if they are equal since we search the array sequential from start to end, this is also known as sequential search or linear search. It is very slow as compared to binary search because you have to compare each element with every other element and definitely not suitable for a large array. It's practically useful only in case of the small array up to 10 to 15 numbers. In the worst case, you need to check all elements to confirm if target element exists in an array or not.

Wednesday, 3 January 2018

Simple String Representation of Java Decimal Numbers without Scientific Notation

The primary types/objects used for decimal numbers in Java are float/Float, double/Double, and BigDecimal. Each of these has cases in which its “default” string representation is “computerized scientific notation.” This post demonstrates some simple approaches to provide a string representation of the decimal number in these cases without scientific notation.

Monday, 1 January 2018

Choosing Java Cryptographic Algorithms Part 1 – Hashing


I did all of the work for this post using the following major technologies. You may be able to do the same thing with different technologies or versions, but no guarantees.

◉ Java 1.8.0_152_x64
◉ NetBeans 8.2 (Build 201609300101)
◉ Maven 3.0.5 (Bundled with NetBeans)